Glavatarci Village

Glavatartsi village is situated in the heart of the Eastern Rhodopes, 368 m altitude, on a hill rising between the two branches of Kardzhali Dam. Located 8 km from the town of Kardzhali, 259 km from Sofia and 54 km from the border with Greece at checkpoint Makaza- Nymfaia.
For thousands of years this Rhodope region was the cradle of different civilizations and cultures. There were villages inhabited by Thracians, Greeks, Romans, Slavs, Bulgars, Byzantines, Latin and Ottoman Turks. Testimony that the place of today’s Glavatartsi settlement life was still several millennia ago, have found two jars in the construction of one of the new houses. They date from the II century BC, when these areas were inhabited by the Thracian tribe Besi.
The oldest known name of the village found in the Glossary of settlements and settlement names in Bulgaria 1879-1987g., Is Emir-oglar. In 1934 by decree of Tsar Boris III all settlements in Bulgaria, carrying Turkish names are renamed and the village is called Glavatari. Later, in 1966, there are new changes and it gets familiar name today Glavatartsi.
Until the early 60s Glavatartsi was well developed village. According to the census of 1956 there are 50 households, 41 buildings and 298 inhabitants. For this helps its proximity to the village Iglovryh, just 2km down on the shore of the Arda River, home to the town hall, school, post office and shops. During the period 1957-1963 was started the construction of the dam of Kardzhali. Now, when the water level in the lake has dropped too, can be seen the remains of rural buildings.
The dam not only change the landscape of the area, but also people’s lives. The lack of a central nearby village leads many young people to move to increased Enchets village or in the city of Kardzhali, where there are better living conditions. The population is aging. The main livelihood is livestock farming and tobacco. The houses are built in the typical style for this end-of stone and adobe bricks and roof -with stone / tile /. Today the old look of the village was replaced by new modern buildings. Meager remains of only a ruined house and parched fountain underneath, remind of past village Glavatartsi.
Beginning of the new construction in the village began with construction of cottage Forestry Kardzhali in 1984, when in the vicinity actively afforested slopes. The place is attractive with its beauty and tranquility, and soon appear several more houses of families from the nearby town of Kardzhali. In the period from 1989 to 1994 village almost depopulated. But soon, the land began quickly to buy, appear first hotels and guest houses and is born a new life, especially during the summer months.
Glavatartsi village is already quite a popular destination for tourism. Anyone staying in accommodation facilities in the village finds Glavatartsi is a wonderful place to relax for a short stop for tourists decided to visit historical and natural attractions in the region or for banquets on various occasions.Amazing is the beauty, charm and unique identity of this mountain village. Pristine environment, clean air and incredible landscapes predispose a person to one filled with peace and harmony vacation. Experience the history of an ancient Thracian settlement, which is still alive...

"Perperikon" archaeological complex is a large megalithic sanctuary. It is believed that this is famous in the ancient sanctuary of Dionysus the Thracian tribe Satiri whose priestly family were Bessi. Perperikon is located in the Eastern Rhodopes, 15 km northeast of Kardzhali. Its area is about 12 sq. km. Excavations there revealed a large rock city, whose heyday was during the Roman era, although its history starts a few thousand years earlier. Powerful development of the cult facilities on the hill in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age of Perperikon create a spectacular sanctuary. The wonderful discoveries make possible to express the hypothesis that the right of Perperikon has finds a whole century famous in antiquity proritsalishte of Dionysus. On a special altar is engaged in wine-fire ritual and the height of the flames are judged for strength of prediction.
"Tatul" Village is located 2 km west of the village Nanovitsa and 15 km east of Momchilgrad. Only 200 meters from the village in the area "Kaya basha" is one of the most imposing megalithic monuments in the Bulgarian lands. For its precise dating is still disputing, becouse there are found materials from various eras. The complex consists of an ancient pagan temple and a medieval fortress. The central and highest place of the rocky peak, takes a grave with the east-west orientation, chipped in solid rock carved like a truncated pyramid. On the south side of the magnificent rock is carved a similar tomb, located in the hemispherical recess. The niche is covered with arched carved in stone vault. To the two graves leads carved into the rocks ceremonial staircase, consisting of eight steps. In neighboring rocks are formed religious sites, steps to them, niche systems of furrows and basins to collect any liquid. It is believed that the sanctuary of the XII century BC Tatul sanctuary except for transferring victims of ancient Thracian gods must have been quite a center for monitoring the sunrise and the sunset on certain days of the year - in the winter solstice, as the rising sun has to come within the "sights" of a special rock crevice. For it suggests the form of the highest part of the megalith - rebated semicircle resembling a rising sun.
Cave "Vulva" / Womb / a natural horizontal slit in the rock, 22 meters deep, which was further cut by human hands. The height of the hole is 3 m and the width - about 2,50 m. Inside sufficient light penetrates. The whole cave is literally shaped like female genitals. In the distance is carved altar about 1.30 meters tall, which is in the shape of the labia minora. In its center is made a small hole, about 10 cm deep and 5 cm wide, which is carved slightly away.The tunnel is with ideal north-south orientation, the entrance is from the south. On the ceiling there is a special slot in which exactly 12 hours each day fell a sunbeam. It can be seen for several minutes, gradually increased, moving to the altar. When increasing the light takes form of falos.During August, when the cave was studied for the first time the beam was about 2 meters. In February or early March, however, the sun goes down to a level that the beam is enlarged to 22 meters and enter the hole right of the altar. There, the solar phallus remained mild flutter minute or two. This amazing phenomenon symbolizes fertilization.
Archaeological Museum is located near the city center to the source path of Haskovo. The building was built in the early 20s of the twentieth century, designed by prof. Pomeriantsev, professor at the Art Academy in St. Petersburg. Like most museum buildings in Bulgaria and this was originally designed for another purpose. The idea there was to be housed madrasa (Islamic religious school). Due to the various vicissitudes of fortune, that never happens, but the initial idea for the function of the building require unusual at first glance, our land architecture. Dominant in the facade are Moroccan arches and architectural details reminiscent of the Arab world. Due to its unique appearance, the building was declared a cultural monument of national importance.
Stone wedding
Rock phenomenon called "Stone wedding" is to Zimzelen village, a few kilometers east of Kardjali. Rock formations extend over an area of ​​about 40 acres and are really beautiful.

Like rock mushrooms near the village of Beli Plast, and here reason is the nature curious forms. Before tens of millions of years due to underwater volcanic activity the rocks are formed - rhyolite tuffs. Later, after the sea receded, the rocks were exposed to rain, wind and sun, these elements formed their present form. Different minerals in the rock are the reason for the various colors and shades.

The name of the rock group - "Stone wedding" - is given because a few rock short, forming a group which, with little imagination, can be likened to a group of people. For this phenomenon are known two legends. According to the first, the guests and the newlyweds were petrified by God, because the father in law angry him with the wicked thought to the bride.

The second legend says that there was an old folk belief that the face of the bride should not be seen during the wedding. But strong winds blow away the veil and the face of the young woman was seen by all. For punishment, the natural forces punished all present with foossilization.
In the municipality of Kardzhali is the fortress " Monyak " / " Mneakos " / Wide field near the village , which is one of the largest and most highly placed fortresses in the Rhodope Mountains . Medieval fortress " Monyak " ( Mneakos ) near the village of Shiroko pole is located 4 km east of Kardzhali, a protected area of ​​over 50 acres. It consists of two parts.

Outer wall encircling the hill close to the north. The western part is located the entrance , with a tower on either side . North is dense trapezoidal bastion and the south was a few floors, preserved today at a height of 7.80 m wall continues south , following the contours of the terrain and reach impassable cliff with a height of over 50 m.Nay higher southern part of plateau is occupied by a citadel with bastions thick trapezoidal walls and entrance , located approximately in the middle of the north wall . The total protected area is about 50 acres. When studies were located and cleared several buildings - one with a square plan is located inside the citadel. The ground floor is dug into the rocks and probably served as a reservoir.
Karangil Cave
Cave " Karangil " is situated in a limestone massif in the fortress "Hissar" , a 15 minute walk from the center of the village Shiroko pole. Formed in limestone cliffs, three , inhabited by several species of bats and the world's only Spider «Centromerusmilleri». Its length is 490 m; displacement : +15 m; altitude 340 m. It has three floors and dry cave , the longest in the Eastern Rhodopes . The first floor has a length of 180 m and entered from two vertical inputs that are relatively narrow. More than 40 years, the first floor was flooded , but over time water has seeped through and disappeared. Not far from it is the largest room in the cave. It was the bottom of an underground lake , but the construction of the nearby fountain water has seeped and now the bottom is dry . The second floor is reached after overcoming using a rope ladder or the 10- meter chimney. Situated on the first floor and has dimensions - length 65 m and an average height of 2 m floor is covered with rocks and bat guano . The first and second floors are occupied by the bat colony . The third floor is hardly attainable , even with alpine equipment
Fortress Vishegrad
Close to Kardzhali is the best preserved medieval castle in the Rhodopes. Fortress " Visegrad " is located on the high hill on the right bank of the river Arda in the area "Harman Kaya" . It is an ancient Thracian fortress IV - Іv.It guarded the fork in the road from Philippopolis to Adrianople to the inside of the Rhodope Mountains in the valley of the River Varbitsa.In the well preserved citadel was residing probably manager of the medieval district Ahridos . Under its walls passed squad of crusaders led by Marshal Villehardouin Geoffroy and the left bank of the river Arda , the castle Mneakos ( Monyak ) was located camp in which Henry was elected - the second emperor of the Latin impery.In the begining of 13th century Eastern Rhodopes and the region of Kardzhali today became the scene of hostilities with the Latin impery.In the summer of 1206 defeated the Crusaders managed to mobilize and start -led campaign against the Bulgarian Tsar Kaloyan army. They move along the Arda River and reached a rich and beautiful valley , which is dominated by impressive fortressess.
Cult complex village "Lisitsite" is located on the right bank of the dam " Studen Kladanec " . The easiest approach to it is through the rope bridge over a natural narrowing of the reservoir near the village of Broad field below the fortress ' Monyak . " Wall of Thracian fortress ( IV -I centuries BC) begins about 200 m south of the village in the Chit Kaya ( " chit " - wall , wall, " Kaya" - rock, rock ) . It is built of stones without mortar , block the northern part available and encircling area of 1200 sq.m. Not carried out excavations organized and therefore not recorded in the castle buildings and other facilities. Wall there is a difficult because trees and bushes that conceal . The surrounding rocks are cut dozens of niches , some of which have been destroyed by time . There are, parts of altars , chutes, slots and more. facilities. There are fragments of ceramic material.Rock wreath is impressive with its unique natural formations that resemble pyramids , mushrooms, figures of animals and people. From the height of a stunning view of the water area of ​​the lake " cold well" , Kardzhali and estuary Municipality. Undisturbed by humans inhabit the rocks many rare species of avifauna . Note: The site is suitable for tourism. No close access by car. The road is in rope bridge , but it is very beautiful.
Medieval bridge
Medieval bridge at village Nenkovo ​​is built over Borovitsa River , a major tributary of the Arda River. Located near the village Nenkovo.It follows the architectural tradition of its time. Is dominated by its impressive size . It is asymmetric , with five arches of different sizes . Roadway is 58 m long portion of the bridge is destroyed by the wild waters of the river. At one end is rebuilt , but after repeated destruction is already unusable.The bridge is suitable to visit in combination with other objects in that direction ( cave " Womb " rock niches near the villages Duzhdovnitsa and Nenkovo ​​) .
Stremski labyrinths
Ancient mines " Stremski labyrinths " are located on the land between the villages of Rani list and Stremtsi . It can be reached by stones trodden path that leads to s.Sipey . Above are observed inputs . There are many fine galleries are reserved mines gold / III-I Hr. / With a total length of 460 m . Galleries labyrinth , hence the name im.The cult to Dionysus god was one of the characteristics of the Rhodopes. The other is the extraction of gold and silver, precious metals, to which the ancient mountain is very rich.A one of the largest mines in the ancient world was located only 2 km from Perperikon to the present day village Stremtsi.The visitor left scratching , going through ten reserved entrances to more than 500 m of galleries . A whole hillside was literally drilled with a dense network of tunnels.
Rock window
Natural landmark " Rock Window " is located in the area near to Kostino village, in an area of ​​outstanding landscape. A natural shape, formed under the passing underneath wildly spruit.This is a magnificent stone bridge , hanging in the air, supported by two columns .In the recent geological past columns have been three , but natural forces are divided sail between the second and third columns and the last is a big stone mushroom.The heihg of the bridge is about 10 m, length 15 m and width 7 m thickness is 1.5 m sail three columns equally high , built of massive green volcanic tuffs without lamination.The canvas is white, thin carved from white limestone, very resistant to erosion . That 's why it sticks out above the columns . Rock window is formed simultaneously with Stone Wedding and mushrooms , and is formed of similar materials and similar way.It is declared as a protected natural site by Order № 415/12.06.1979 , and occupies an area of ​​2 dka.
Fist rock

Protected area " Fist Rock" is declared on the proposal of BSPB a protected area by Order No.569/31.10.2000 gestation targets announced :

Conservation of populations of protected and endangered species of animals and plants , including Chukar , owl , Roller , rock Swallow , Red-rumped Swallow , eared wheatear , colorful rock thrush , blue rock thrush , warbler , rock nuthatch , white-fronted Nuthatch and others.
Preservation of typical Eastern Rhodopes rock and forest habitats.
The protected area is an area of ​​346 hectares and includes xerothermal oak trees , thorn bushes and hornbeam and chia pet grass communities.The area is essential for the preservation of avifauna.Hers is one of the nesting of griffin used periodically during the years.

Joan podrom There are f ew cities in Bulgaria who have restored monastery complex. The medieval monastery complex "St. Joan Podrom " was founded in 6-8 century.In the beginning of the 9th century fortified monastery was built on the site of a small church took the relics of religious figure. It was the center of one of the largest medieval dioceses - Ahridos and is typically Athos style.In it in 1998 the unique tomb is revealed, preserved relics of the senior bishop and parts of gold Textile episcopal vestments from 13 to 14 century. This makes it a value of world importance.The remarcable in this complex are the three temples and two tombs. In the early eleventh century , a complete reconstruction of the monastery , he was distinguished by a unique structure . Built a new wall with square towers at the four corners and the middle of the walls. East of the great church was located the palace of the abbot - Bishop , the Bishop Ahridos.From the lead seals found in the administrative center Perperikon known names of three bishops - Thomas Constantine and Evstatik . In the early 13th century in the west porch was turned into crypt.